Carl Friedrich Gauss is sometimes referred to as the "Prince of Mathematicians" and the "greatest mathematician since antiquity". He has had a remarkable influence in many fields of mathematics and science and is ranked as one of history's most influential mathematicians.
Ada Lovelace （爱达.洛夫莱斯）， 是英国大诗人拜伦的女儿(八岁时父亲去世）。 从小就表现出远超同龄人的数学才能， 在wiki中看到的介绍是， an English mathematician and writer, chiefly known for her work on Charles Babbage's proposed mechanical general-purpose computer, --对分析机的贡献。
Lovelace first met Babbage in June 1833, through their mutual friend, and her private tutor, Mary Somerville.
Lovelace's notes are important in the early history of computers. She also developed a vision of the capability of computers to go beyond mere calculating or number-crunching, while many others, including Babbage himself, focused only on those capabilities.
20世纪 - 现代数学:集合论之父 Georg Cantor
March 3.1845 - January 6. 1918
He created set theory, which has become a fundamental theory in mathematics. Cantor established the importance of one-to-one correspondence between the members of two sets, defined infinite and well-ordered sets, and proved that the real numbers are more numerous than the natural numbers.
Cantor's work between 1874 and 1884 is the origin of set theory. No one had realized that set theory had any nontrivial content before Cantor.
Cantor retired in 1913, living in poverty and suffering from malnourishment during World War I. Georg Cantor had a fatal heart attack on January 6, 1918, in the sanatorium where he had spent the last year of his life.
" It seems fair to say that if the influence of scientist is interpreted broadly enough to include impact on fields beyond science proper, then John von Neumann was probably the most influential mathematician. " His mathematical legacy is deeply profound that I wish you go to his page: